Dachau became one of the largest Concentration camps in Germany, a mere metropolis of death. It served as a prototype and model for other Nazi concentration camps. Established by the Nazis in March 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was “the first concentration camp for political prisoners” as Heinrich Himmler stated. It is located on the grounds of a former munitions factory near Dachau, about 16 kilometers (10 miles) northwest of Munich. Almost every community in Germany had members taken away to these camps. Newspapers continually reported the removal to concentration camps of the enemies of “the Reich” – what means opponents to the Nazi dictatorship.