The Königsplatz in Munich is the location of the new Munich Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism. The new center has been built on the estate of the former “Brown House” – the headquartes of the Nazi Party the central of terror during the Third Reich. Framepool has carried out research for archival films that are shown in the exhibition and the app of the new museum.
On April 30, 1945 American troops reached the City of Munich. 2 days prior they had liberated the Nazi Concentration Camp Dachau, 20 miles away from the city. The same day a group of resistance fighters, the “Freiheitsaktion Bayern” (Mission Free Bavaria) had tried to gain control over the city but were defeated by SS units that were placed close to the city. Cameramen of the US Army Signal Corps filmed the advance to Munich of the 45th US Infantry and the 20th Armoured divisions. The films of April 29 and April 30, 1945 show some fights between American units and groups of SS soldiers hidden in the woods during their approach to the city. An American soldier is carrying the towns signpost “München – Hauptstadt der Bewegung” (Munich Capital of the Nazi Movement) as Hitler had denoted the Bavarian city. Inside the city American vanguards met groups of citizens willing to help them move ahead. There was no fighting downtown Munich, nevertheless the Nazi Wehrmacht and their broadcaster spoke about heavy resistance. The film shows vanguards moving towards the city center through Dachauer Straße, the surrender of the city, authorities in the police headquarters and people downtown Munich welcoming the US tanks with white rags. Joyous and celebratory scenes were shot at the Lenbachplatz where children are lifted up to American tanks as a sign of freedom.
All footage has been collected and scanned on HD by Framepool and is available at Framepool.com
Dachau became one of the largest Concentration camps in Germany, a mere metropolis of death. It served as a prototype and model for other Nazi concentration camps. Established by the Nazis in March 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was “the first concentration camp for political prisoners” as Heinrich Himmler stated. It is located on the grounds of a former munitions factory near Dachau, about 16 kilometers (10 miles) northwest of Munich. Almost every community in Germany had members taken away to these camps. Newspapers continually reported the removal to concentration camps of the enemies of “the Reich” – what means opponents to the Nazi dictatorship.
Stephan Bleek | | Zeitgeist – Vintage Film | 1933, 1945, archival film, Bavaria, Dachau, footage, Framepool, Germany, HD, historical Footage, history, Munich, Nazi, Nazi concentration camps, Stock footage, Third Reich | 0 Comments
In anticipation of the World’s Fair this coming May in Milan, we are taking a look back at the Brussels World’s fair from 1958 in which the USA made a big impact with its modern living model and how the “American Way of Life” was adopted by Europe.